Alzheimer's disease symptoms: All 21 signs of UK's most common dementia type – FULL list

Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia that’s caused by a build-up of proteins around the brain. It’s not entirely clear how or why these protein deposits begin, but it can be a long process that starts years before symptoms develop.

There’s currently no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, and all available treatments aim to relieve and slow down symptoms.

But, the US has just approved the first new treatment for Alzheimer’s for nearly 20 years.

Aducanumab aims to treat the underlying cause of the condition, as opposed to the symptoms.

It’s still not approved for use in the UK, but at least 100,000 people could be suitable for the drug if it were to become available at a later date.

READ MORE: Alzheimer’s drug ‘targets the cause of dementia’ – Dr Hilary

Early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease

Forgetting about recent conversations or events

Misplacing items

Forgetting the names of places and objects

Trouble thinking of the right word

Repetitively asking the same questions

Poor judgement or difficulty making decisions

Becoming less flexible and more hesitant to try new things

Middle-stage symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease

Increasing confusion and disorientation – for example, getting lost, or wandering and not knowing what time of day it is

Obsessive, repetitive or impulsive behaviour

Delusions (believing things that are untrue) or feeling paranoid and suspicious about carers or family members

Problems with speech or language (aphasia)

Disturbed sleep

Changes in mood, such as frequent mood swings, Depression and feeling increasingly anxious, frustrated or agitated

Difficulty performing spatial tasks, such as judging distances

Seeing or hearing things that other people do not (hallucinations)

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